Schiffe und Schiffsformen
Schiffe und Schiffsformen
Almost all the boats under 10 meters in length are rigged as a sloop. The ships are greater than 10 m, are also often times other Takelarten used. Sloop is the main feature of the single mast. As a variant of the sloop, there is a Kuttertaklung a second forestay. By only one pole on smaller yachts, there is a price advantage of a sloop rig. In some denominations, the Sloop is also described with Sloop.
The ketch rig comes from Great Britain and was developed as a fishing boat. The characteristics of a two Ketch masts which the rear of the spanker, the smaller of the two. The mast of a ketch is low compared to the sloop. Consequently, all sails are a bit smaller. A ketch rig is a little more expensive in comparison to the Sloop, but that the larger the yacht is no longer significant falls. The handling is easier with the sail in a ketch because alternatives exist. There are various reasons and it is of course a matter of taste of each. As a variation, there is also one at the ketch cutter rigging, in which case a second forestay is run as a cutter stay. The notation is shown as Ketch times or even as ketch.
A yawl is like a ketch in their rigging. The difference lies mainly in the shape of the vessels. In a yawl is the outside behind Mmast (besan) the waterline. The result is almost always the one yawl has a long, pulled up at the rear. Otherwise, the yawl is like a ketch.
The schooner is only found on larger yachts. As a ketch and a schooner has two masts, in which case the front is smaller. Thus refers to the main mast and the rear than the front and foremast. A schooner rig is used only from 15 meters, and is also relatively expensive. The sail area can of course be increased.
The catamaran is equipped normally with a mast. It is characterized by low depth. Next, he has a big Patzangebot between the hulls. marinas in a Kat needed almost always the same two berths Even with a cat is a Kuttertaklung a second forestay possible.
ships - Hull construction
GRP is not too long application in shipbuilding. There are several variants, the production will also be reflected in the price. Initially on fiberglass boats, the RO problem were detected frequently. Whether this is set with the newer materials and processes now remains to be seen. GRP vessels course, have no rust.
The most commonly used building material for ships. Steel is very stable, but rust in salt water anywhere and everywhere! Here permanently, preventive work is carried out. Steel vessels are compared to fiberglass or aluminum substantially heavier.
Easy and not Stainless. Could be described as aluminum. The costs are somewhat higher as compared to steel. In Aluyachten is to first pay attention to the electrolysis, and thus on the entire electrical system.
The oldest building material for ships. Wood is now rarely used for more cruise ships. The maintenance of wooden boats require much time and constant care is needed.
Ferro cement is found in yachts now rarely. The yachts are relatively heavy and also look pretty beefy. Next, the moisture is a problem.